Leviticus 7–9: The Priests & The Offerings

Read the Bible in 2011 ◊ Week 26: Monday

Then Aaron lifted up his hands toward the people and blessed them, and he stepped down after making the sin offering and the burnt offering and the peace offerings. Moses and Aaron went into the tent of meeting. When they came out and blessed the people, the glory of the LORD appeared to all the people. Then fire came out from before the LORD and consumed the burnt offering and the portions of fat on the altar; and when all the people saw it, they shouted and fell on their faces.
Leviticus 7:22–24

Monday’s Bible reading of Leviticus 7–9, chapter 7 contains instructions from the Lord on the part of the offering that will belongs to the priests. In chapter 8, Moses consecrates Aaron and his sons as priests, and in chapter 9, Aaron offers up the sin offering, the burnt offering and the peace offering. On this solemn occasion the sacrificial system ordained by God is instituted.

Moses said, “This is the thing which the LORD has commanded you to do, that the glory of the LORD may appear to you.” Moses then said to Aaron, “Come near to the altar and offer your sin offering and your burnt offering, that you may make atonement for yourself and for the people; then make the offering for the people, that you may make atonement for them, just as the LORD has commanded.”
Leviticus 9:6–7

Gleason Archer writes:

“There are at least five basic principles which operate throughout this book:

1. As a unique people of God, redeemed Israel is (a) to keep holy, that is, set apart from the world unto the service and worship of the one true God; (b) to maintain access to God on the basis of substitutionary atonement, for  by the shedding of the blood of the sacrifice an innocent life is substituted for the forfeited life of the guilty.

2. Since this access to God is made possible by grace alone, the believers must come before God only in the specific way which God has appointed. Hence all regulations as to ritual and sacrifice must originate with God rather than with man. (Anything invented by man might be thought to establish some kind of self-justifying merit.)”1

I’ll mention the other principles later; the first two are specific to the system of sacrifices. Read Archer’s second principle and think about it. Remember Oswald Allis’ word?

“…there is no book in the OT which more clearly sets forth the redemption which is in Christ than does Leviticus. It faces the question of Job, ‘How can a man be just with God?’, and answers it in such words as the following: ‘He shall bring his offering….’ ‘And he shall confess the sin he has committed….’ ‘And he shall slay it…’ ‘And the priest shall sprinkle the blood….’ ‘And he shall make atonement for him, and it shall be forgiven him.’”2

“But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things to come, He entered through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation; and not through the blood of goats and calves, but through His own blood, He entered the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption….

“For Christ did not enter a holy place made with hands, a mere copy of the true one, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us…”

Hebrews 9:11–12, 24

Isaiah 42 Photograph: ChristianPhotos.net – Free High Resolution Photos for Christian Publications
1Gleason L. Archer, Jr., A Survey of Old Testament Introduction, pp. 240–241.
2Oswald T. Allis, “Leviticus,” The New Bible Commentary: Revised, D. Guthrie,
J. A. Motyer, eds., A. M. Stibbs, D. J. Wiseman, contributing eds., p. 141.
A full size replica of the Israelite Tabernacle in Timna, Israel: Public Domain.

Original content: Copyright ©2011 Iwana Carpenter

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