As the events leading up to the cross unfold, and we remember our Lord’s death, burial, and resurrection this coming week, I’m reposting a timeline and map for you to use.
In the New Testament we have the record of eyewitnesses—eyewitnesses to the resurrected Christ. Not only that, but the writers of the New Testament call attention to the fact that they were eyewitnesses or, in the case of Luke, sought out eyewitnesses (see my post Eyewitnesses. for Bible references).
Why such an emphasis on eyewitnesses? Because Christianity is Jesus Christ. Christianity is not a mere system of ethics, mysticism, or philosophy, but rather it proclaims that Jesus Christ is the real God-Man, who was born, lived on this earth, died on a cross, and rose again, in—to use Francis Schaeffer’s phrase—historic space-time. Without the actual, real events of His life, His death, and His resurrection, we would be lost; we would be without hope.
Via Justin Taylor is this Holy Week Timeline Visualization by Stephen Smith of Bible Gateway. “The vertical axis shows time, and the horizontal axis shows space. Proximity of the lines show who interacted with whom.” Click on the above link for further explanation at Bible Gateway. Click on the image to enlarge.
In his 2011 post Taylor linked to a Google map of Jerusalem done by Crossway of the events of Holy Week. That’s now a dead link, but here is a map by Stephen Smith of Passion Week in Google Earth at openbible.info.
These pictures of space and time drive home the reality—that yes, Jesus Christ lived, died, and rose again, and here is where and when it happened. And that’s exciting!
While writing on Luke’s account of Jesus entering Jerusalem, I looked at a couple of harmony of the Gospels to see how they coordinated the events of Holy Week. One was done by A. T. Robertson in 1922 using the KJV, and the other was done by Robert L. Thomas and Stanley Gundry in 1978 using the New American Standard Version.* If you don’t have access to a harmony of the Gospels, here is a Harmony of the Events of Holy Week from Crossway. In 2010 Justin Taylor harmonized the events of Holy Week in blog posts, summarizing the day and giving the Bible passages. Here are links to his work:
Christianity is grounded in the history of the person and work of Jesus Christ. The eyewitnesses of the New Testament attested to what they had seen and known about Jesus Christ. They wanted those who read their witness to know and to be confident of the truth regarding the person and work of Jesus Christ.
With Passover Approaching, Jesus Goes Up to Jerusalem: James Tissot. Brooklyn Museum. Public Domain.
LSB: Legacy Standard Bible
ESV: English Standard Version
Holy Week Timeline: Released under Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial License by BibleGateway.com
*These two harmonies place Mary of Bethany’s anointing of Jesus on different days. Robertson follows the synoptic Gospels, and Thomas and Gundry follow John. Thomas and Gundry write:
“Possibly this episode occurred later, two days before Passover as Matthew and Mark may imply…instead of six days before as John places it. The placement of John is preferred in this Harmony, however, because it is easier to construe the synoptic accounts as flashbacks than to interpret John’s account as an anticipation. The fourth gospel apparently gives the event in its chronological sequence. Matthew and Mark, on the other hand, introduce it out of sequence either to contrast the worship of Mary with the animosity of the high priest, chief priests, and scribes…or to show why Judas was so interested in obtaining additional funds….”
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