Read the Bible in 2023 ◊ Week 17: Friday
Friday’s Bible reading is Jeremiah 22–26. Ask God to open your eyes as you read His Word, to help you understand and know Him: “that I am Yahweh who shows lovingkindness, justice, and righteousness on earth; for I delight in these things.”
The prophets are like a clean, stiff wind. Their words blows away our hedging and rationalization and reveal to us who God is and what He expects from us. You will find within them judgment and restoration for Israel, Judah, and the nations. You will find loss and hope. You will find mourning and gladness. You will find prophecy spanning their times to the end times.
You will find people whose lives, despite their power and wealth, are warnings that God will judge, and you will find people of courage and faithfulness whose lives are examples that serve to encourage us to be faithful to God.
Remember Jeremiah began prophesying in the thirteenth year of the reign of Josiah and continued until the eleventh year of the reign of Zedekiah. These are the years of their reigns:
609 Jehoahaz (Josiah’s son, aka Joahaz/Shallam: 3 months)
609–597 Jehoiakim (Josiah’s son, aka Eliakim)
597 Jehoiachin (Jehoiakim’s son, aka Coniah/Jeconiah: 3 months)
597–586 Zedekiah (Josiah’s son, aka Mattaniah)
The numbers count down as the years go by because they are dates during the B.C. (Before Christ) era. Historical background to the reigns of these kings is found in 2 Kings 22 and the following chapters as well as in 2 Chronicles 34 and the following chapters. To help a bit more with the timeline of the chapters you’re reading, here are the main divisions Gleason Archer1 gives for the book:
Prophecies under Josiah and Jehoiakim
Later prophecies under Jehoiakim and Zedekiah
Prophecies after the fall of Jerusalem
Prophecies against the heathen nations
Historical appendix (events of the fall and captivity of Judah)
Jeremiah prophesies about Shallam, Jehoiakim, and Coniah in chapter 22. Derek Kidner calls this chapter A sad parade of kings, and writes:
“Brought together in one passage, these contemporary comments from God on each successor to King Josiah in turn drive home to us the necessity — and the miracle — of the perfect King to come.”2
Chapter 23 Kidner labels, A people misruled and mistaught,3 and contains a prophecy of Messiah, the perfect King, in 23:5–6.
“When I will raise up for David a righteous Branch;
And He will reign as king and prosper
And do justice and righteousness in the land.
In His days Judah will be saved,
And Israel will dwell securely;
And this is His name by which He will be called,
‘Yahweh our righteousness.’
Jeremiah 24 has one of the many object lessons God uses within the book as illustrations of what He sees, and what He will do:
The good figs are the captives of Judah who are in exile, but whom God will bring back to Jerusalem. Those who return to the land, will also return to God:
The bad figs are Zedekiah, his officials, and those who remain in the land or who dwell in Egypt.
Chapter 25 contains both God’s judgment of Judah and its going into captivity in Babylon, and God’s judgment of the nations.
In Jeremiah 26 God tells him to stand in the court of the temple and prophesy to Judah to repent or face God’s judgment. The false priests and prophets are incensed at Jeremiah and want him to die. Officials and elders of Judah come, and Jeremiah’s life is spared. The last four verses contrast the fate of another prophet, Uriah, with Jeremiah’s.
Kidner calls these verses, A postscript, and writes,
“These verses, rounding off the chapter rather than the elders’ speech [26:16–19]…show what kind of tyrant had come to power, and what courage was needed in a prophet. They also remind the reader that God’s decisions are matters for his wisdom, not ours. Uriah was to glorify God by martyrdom; Jeremiah still had many years of speaking and suffering to fulfill. Meanwhile these days revealed another man of courage in Ahikam (24), one of a faithful family and of a small number of others who would come forward when they were most needed and most at risk.”4
Who would come forward when they were most needed and most at risk. I was intrigued by this brief glimpse and looked up cross-references about Ahikam. Kidner has this footnote on the family.
“Josiah had sent Ahikam, with four others, to consult the prophetess Huldah over the new-found book of the law (2 Ki. 22:12). His brother, Gemariah, dared to put a room at Baruch’s disposal for the public reading of Jeremiah’s scroll, and to protest against the king’s burning of the document. (36:10, 25). Ahikam’s son, Gedaliah, took Jeremiah under his wing after the fall of Jerusalem (39:14).”5
I was reminded of Hebrews 11, the “faith” chapter of the Bible, with its stories of those Old Testament men and women who stand as witnesses to us. May God enable us to have the courage of Jeremiah, and Ahikam and his family, to witness to Him, and to come forward when we’re most needed and most at risk.
Silvesterzug Laterne: Bk muc. (CC BY-SA 4.0).
Still-life of figs in a basket and fruit on a ledge: William Hammer. Public domain.
The Genealogy of the Kings of Ancient Israel and Judah: Public domain. Copped.
Kings & reigns from The New International Inductive Study Bible (Harvest House Publishers, Eugene OR: 1993, Precept Ministries) IISB-45–IISB-46.
1Gleason Archer, A Survey of Old Testament Introduction (Moody Press, Chicago IL: 1974) 359–360.
2,3,4,5Derek Kidner, The Message of Jeremiah: Against wind and tide (Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove IL: 1987) 85, 85, 97, 97.
I’m using Michael Coley’s Bible reading plan (one page PDF to print) to read through the Bible in 2023. Each day my posts are on different books because he divides Bible readings into seven categories, one for each day of the week: Epistles, The Law, History, Psalms, Poetry, Prophecy and Gospels. There’s more information on his plan and other ones at Read the Bible in 2023.
Copyright ©2011–2023 Iwana Carpenter