Read the Bible in 2023 ◊ Week 21: Monday
Monday’s Bible reading is Exodus 29–32. Pray and ask God to teach you and apply what you learn to your life.
As background remember that in Exodus 20–23, God had given Moses the Ten Commandments, and other laws on Mount Sinai. In Exodus 24:
Moses then built an altar and burnt offering and peace offerings were made. For a second time the people said, “All the words which Yahweh has spoken we will do!” adding that they would be obedient.
In Exodus 24:12-18, God calls Moses back to Mount Sinai to give him stone tables, “with the law and the commandment which I have written for their instruction.” Joshua goes with him, and they are there for forty days and forty nights. In Exodus 25–30, God gives Moses instructions for the tabernacle and the priests. God gives details on sacrifices, the altar of incense, and anointing oil. In Exodus 31, God explains the skillful men who are to make everything necessary for the tabernacle and the priests: Bezalel.
The chapter ends with instructions for the Sabbath. In Exodus 32, we learn what Aaron and Israel have been doing while Moses and Joshua were gone for forty days and forty nights.
Aaron makes the golden calf, and builds an altar to it. God tells Moses to go down quickly. He is ready to destroy the Israelites, but relents because of Moses’ pleas.
Moses is furious when he arrives and sees the golden calf and the revelry within the camp; in anger he breaks the tablets God has just given him.
Hywel Jones writes:
“The law is shattered by Moses to illustrate to the people the meaning of their apostacy. His anger is not a fit of temper but the upsurge of righteous indignation.”1
Philip Ryken concurs that this was not an instance when Moses seized things, literally, into his own hands (as in Egypt). He writes:
“There are at least two indications that Moses’ anger was righteous. One is the simple fact that God did not rebuke him for his rage. On another occasion God did rebuke Moses. It was in Kadesh, where the Israelites ran out of water. As usual, when the people didn’t have what they needed, they blamed Moses. On that occasion the prophet was so fed up with their grumbling and complaining that he lashed out. He spoke angry words and struck a rock in fury. But Moses was angry for himself, not for God, so God punished him for his sin. He did not allow Moses to enter the Promised Land. But God did not punish him for the way he dealt with the golden calf. This suggests what he did was right.
“This is confirmed in verse 19, where the Bible says that Moses’ “anger burned.” This is the same language that God used bac in verse 10 when he threatened to destroy the Israelites. The Hebrew draws a linguistic connection between God and Moses. They both responded to Israel’s sin with anger. So this was one of the rare situations when someone’s anger was actually righteous.”2
Jones calls Aaron’s excuse pathetic, as it certainly was:
“Aaron’s self-excusing is pathetic, as indeed is every attempt to exonerate one self from sin. The people are blamed, but the calf allegedly made itself! Aaron should have stood against them…Aaron’s excuses reveal his weakness before both the people and Moses.”3
The ground didn’t break open and swallow people up as the famous movie, The Ten Commandments, depicts, but rather Levites responded to Moses’ call:
“This was a shocking assignment. Notice that this was not Moses’ idea; the command came from God. And this was the first thing that God told the Levites to do when they came to his side—to carry out his judgment against Israel’s sin. There is no question here as to whether or not this was just. The Israelites had made a blood covenant with God, in which they had promised not to make any idols or have any other gods. Once they broke these commandments, their lives were forfeit. God had every right to put them all to death. If we have trouble understanding this, it is because we do not understand what a wicked thing it is to worship other gods.
“…Yet even in his wrath, God remembered to show mercy. Not everyone was killed. The Bible says, “The Levites did as Moses commanded, and that day three thousand of the people died” (v. 28). This was a horrific loss of life, but rather than simply thinking about how many perished, we should consider how many were saved. Three thousand was only one half of 1 percent of Israel’s adult population. God restrained his hand of judgment…
“The Bible doesn’t say who was executed, but in all likelihood the Levites only killed the instigators, the men who were most responsible for Israel’s sin. When God told them to kill their brothers and neighbors, the point was not that each man had to kill his closest friends, but that whoever was guilty had to be punished. The Levites were not to let the ties of blood or friendship hinder them from their service to God. Not even family and friends were to be spared, if they refused to follow God.
“…Because of their unflinching obedience and unrelenting opposition to sin, God consecrated the Levites for his sacred ministry.”4
Ryken draws this application. Read this and think about it:
“This is a hard passage. It shows that God’s claim on us is stronger even than the claims of family and friendship. Jesus said, “Anyone who loves his father or mother more than me is not worthy of me; anyone who loves his son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me; and anyone who does not take his cross and follow me is not worthy of me” (Matt. 10:37, 38). This does not mean that we should hate the people in our families. But it does mean that whether they are believers or not, our love for them must submit to our higher love for God.”5
It is so very hard to stand for God when your family and those you have known stand against you. I know. I have been there. When I became a Christian in college many of my friends had a hard time with their families who became angry when they said they had become believers in Jesus. The pastor at my family’s liberal church called me in and told me it made him angry when students were told they weren’t Christians when they’d grown up in the church. (I don’t think this man was a Christian. He told a friend of mine that he didn’t think Jesus was the only way to God, which directly contradicted Jesus’ words about Himself).
When my brother was dying of AIDS, my father, especially, was angry with me for continuing to witness to him about the Lord Jesus. We had talked many times about Jesus, and when he was in college he actually asked me how to witness to someone. I loved my brother very much, and, despite our obvious disagreements about his lifestyle, for years his habit was to turn to me in difficult times. When he became sick there was a lot of family drama, and during a phone call with him, I made one more attempt to gently talk with him about repentance. I asked if he loved Jesus, and he said, yes. I said, then you have to tell Him, He’s right, and you’ve been wrong. My brother didn’t reply, but handed the phone to our mother. I sent him some things, including tapes of my reading the gospel of John, but that was the last time I spoke with him. I cannot tell you how much it hurt when he shut me out of his life.
There’s a song from India called, “I have decided to follow Jesus.” One story of its origin is that it was sung by a man from the Assam region who died for his faith.
“One Welsh missionary succeeded in converting a man, his wife, and two children. This man’s faith proved contagious and many villagers began to accept Christianity. Angry, the village chief summoned all the villagers. He then called the family who had first converted to renounce their faith in public or face execution.”
The man replied, singing,
I have decided to follow Jesus.
No turning back, no turning back.
Though no one joins me, still I will follow.
No turning back, no turning back.
The cross before me, the world behind me.
No turning back, no turning back.
When that phone call with my brother ended, while my husband was talking to my father, I went for a walk. I prayed, but I mostly remember singing. It wasn’t “I Have Decided to Follow Jesus,” but “Step By Step.”
Oh God, you are my God,
And I will ever praise you.
Oh God, You are my God,
And I will ever praise You.
I will seek You in the morning
And I will learn to walk in your ways,
And step by step You will lead me
And I will follow You all of my days.
That bring me to a third and last song.
Moses asked, “Who is on the LORD‘s side?” A question the Levites answered, and a question for us all.
Silvesterzug Laterne: Bk muc. (CC BY-SA 4.0).
The Golden Calf: James Tissot. Public domain.
Moses Destroys the Tables of the Ten Commandments: James Tissot. Public domain.
1,3Hywel R. Jones, “Exodus,” The New Bible Commentary: Revised, D. Guthrie, J. A. Motyer, eds., A. M. Stibbs, D. J. Wiseman, contributing eds. (Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove IL: 1970) 137.
2,4,5Philip Graham Ryken, Exodus: Saved For God’s Glory (Crossway Books, Wheaton IL: 2005) 998–999, 1010–1011, 1011.
I’m using Michael Coley’s Bible reading plan (one page PDF to print) to read through the Bible in 2023. Each day my posts are on different books because he divides Bible readings into seven categories, one for each day of the week: Epistles, The Law, History, Psalms, Poetry, Prophecy and Gospels. There’s more information on his plan and other ones at Read the Bible in 2023.
Copyright ©2021–2023 Iwana Carpenter